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Academic motivation is considered the most important part of learning and development. Students who are academically motivated perceive schooling and learning as valuable and tend to enjoy learning and other learning related activities. The primary reason for under achievement in students is as a result of lack of academic motivation. School counselors have a duty to ensure students are academically motivated, by demonstrating to the learner the dependability and productivity to achieve individual potential; they can also demonstrate how efforts and persistence can affect learning positively and also show or display interest in learning. It is so important for schools to understand the importance of student’s motivation since it leads to school success. Some students experience negativity in school and have led to decrease in performance and stops working hard.

Motivational components in learning include beliefs or perceptions and values. The beliefs are considered to be self-efficacy which is the ability to perform and accomplish task. Students with high efficacy expectations tend to take tasks that are challenging, put their efforts and do not give up believing they will succeed in future. On the other hand students with low efficacy avoid tasks and do not put in any effort and easily quit when faced with academic challenges.  To develop a positive academic motivation academic counselor should enhance students’ self -efficacy beliefs and competence. They can also help students to come up with a tribunal belief that lead to successful outcomes. Encourage students to develop learning goals and encourage good relationship between their peers and staff. 

Most schools are facing challenges on the students who have developed negative attitudes and behavior towards academic motivation. A preventive approach to promoting academic motivation is through classroom guidance, small group counseling intervention, and individual counseling intervention.  A school counselor plays a major role in academic motivation as part of counseling programs in academic domain.

 What coping mechanism is most prevalent in relation to the COVID-19 lockdown?

The first step to coping with COVID -19 lockdown is to practice tolerating uncertainty. Intolerance to uncertainty can lead to anxiety and people who have difficulties in coping with anxiety are likely to experience elevated anxiety. A quick solution to this kind of problem is to gradually learn how to face uncertainty on a daily basis. The next step is to tackle the anxiety paradox. Every time someone tries to get rid of the thoughts of COVID- 19 anxiety rises proportionally since whatever you try to resist persist. Accept anxiety as part of the human experience, avoiding it will do more harm than good. Take responsibility on how you live your life and connect to your life’s purpose. People will always be afraid of how to cope up with life, living in fear on how to cope up with the virus if they show up in town for the first time, the solution is to be resilient enough to manage the anxiety since human minds is good at predicting the worst.

Do not concentrate in overestimating the threat since human beings are good at exaggerating threats that are not familiar to them. Constant media coverage of the pandemic heightens fear and hence avoid social media too if it will instill fear in you. Strengthen your health care during lockdown by getting adequate sleep, eat healthy, take a nature walk, practice mindfulness and employ relaxation techniques. The epidemic can be overwhelming particularly for people who are vulnerable to anxiety or related disorders, it is advisable that they seek professional help if there is need.

Factors affecting nurses’ ability to recognize deteriorating patients.

Nurses an important role in recognizing and managing the deteriorating patient and this responsibility of care giving is their duty.

The issues affecting nurse’s ability to recognize deteriorating patients are complex and overlapping. Some of the factors are listed below:

  • Most nurses are not able to monitor vital signs and consistency or detect the changes in vital signs.
  • Inadequate knowledge of signs and symptoms that could indicate deterioration in a patient.
  • Failure to know the importance of deterioration.
  • Not sure when to ask for medical assistance from other medical staff.
  • Delays to notify the medical staff of the signs of deteriorating.
  • Ward medical and nursing staff lack skills and knowledge on how to manage the deteriorating patient.
  • Lack of essential equipment or organizational systems that are needed to support the use of tools to identify patients who are deteriorating.
  • Poor hand over of the patient’s medical reports.
  • Lack of advice and supervision of ward staff.
  • Poor recording of observations and failure to interpret them clearly.

The highlighted issues above range from knowledge and skills of staff, the way in which care is delivered, organizational systems, attitudes, and communicating of information.

Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller summary

Willy Loman is a salesman who lives in New York City in the year 1940s. He is married to Linda his wife for the last twenty-five years and they are blessed with two sons Biff and Happy. Willy arrives home from a business trip and he seems to have had problems with driving, from driving on the wrong side of the road to running into red lights and stopping at green lights. He engages in a lot of monologues and this worries Linda so much. He arrives home showing concern on the progress of his sons. Happy has a stable job and lives in his apartment while Biff does not make much money and rambles from job to job.

Willy has been demoted from his place of work from a salaried employee to a commission-based employee. This issue has stressed him so much that he contemplates suicide. He plays cards with Charley his friend while his mind is far away from trying to figure out how Bernard his late brother made fortune in Africa and died a rich man.

The boys Happy and Biff decide to take a loan to start a business so that they are close to their dad to monitor him in case he wants to commit suicide. Willy approaches his boss Howard and requests him to allow him to be the floor salesman in the store instead of a traveling salesman, His boss declines his offer and Willy yells at him. He later fires Willy from the company. The boys go to the restaurant to meet their dad for celebration but instead find their dad more frustrated and leave him alone. Willy decides to commit suicide to leave his wealth to his sons. Willy has lived a life full of lies. The insurance pays his house last installment and Linda gets the house to live in without debt and with no husband to share with. 

COVID 19 Ventilator Shortage.

COVID -19 pandemic is an infectious disease that is caused by a coronavirus and is highly contagious. It began in Wuhan in China in December 2019. The infection has spread in more than 200 countries infecting millions of individuals and causing more than a hundred thousand deaths. 

A ventilator is medical equipment that provides respiratory support to patients, whose lungs have been severely compromised by the infection, leading to breathing complications. The ventilator supplies oxygen in the lungs and helps to regulate the breathing process of the patient. A humidifier is used in ventilators specifically to add moisture and heat to the oxygen so as it can match the body temperature of the patient. There two types of medical ventilators, invasion mechanical ventilation, and non-invasion ventilation. The invasion of mechanical ventilators forces oxygen to flow in small air passages of the inflamed lungs of the patient who experience difficulty in breathing. It uses an endotracheal tube which is inserted in the trachea to allow the flow of oxygen into the patient’s lungs. A non-invasion ventilator is used to manage less severe COVID-19 patients. 

COVID-19 outbreak has led to a shortage of ventilators because the number of patients who require respiratory care has also increased. Globally, health care systems are experiencing shortages and especially countries that are extremely hit by the pandemic. The situation is alarming and the shortage is due to issues related to global chain supply. The countries exporting medical equipment like the ventilators have come to a halt since the production of the medical equipment requires more intensive capital and expertise.

As the respiratory illness caused by COVID-19 continues to spread worldwide, national governments and healthcare systems are facing a lot of difficulty in obtaining the ventilators to support the patients. There is a need to innovate the application of addictive medicine like 3D printer technology which will ensure the availability of the ventilators for future use in case of a viral outbreak.

Consumer empowerment through social media and business performance.

Empowered consumers are likely to resist social interference by deliberately expressing their own opinions which will be different from other consumer. Most companies try to win customers or potential customers through various social media channels by allowing them to contribute to product development or another form of empowerment like preferred colors, flavors, and other characteristics of the product.

Initially, consumers were considered to be at the bottom of the business pyramid and it was difficult for them to express their dissatisfaction with either the service or products purchased. Thanks to social media outlets because right now the consumers can easily express their criticism or praise of various brands. This has resulted in building a working relationship between the two parties where views can be exchanged and opinions can be voiced. Social media has been beneficial since business performances have become better and improved greatly since brand companies understand the consumer and know what they think about their product. The brand with a strong consumer following has greatly benefited because of the direct line of communication and engagement to purchase their product and services through social media marketing.

Small businesses and start-ups have also benefited from having a proper social media in place. They also chart out marketing strategies with the consumers and ask for their views on new products. The consumers trust the brand more since they have been involved in the marketing process and provided some inputs.

 Social media has changed business marketing strategies in this ever-changing market; the business has stayed two steps ahead of their competitors and ensured that the consumer feels valuable. 


Most people are in support of legalized marijuana and this has led to more use and even addiction. The public perception of marijuana has changed since it has been legalized for recreational and medical use. There is little or close to zero public awareness by media on the legalization of marijuana and has led to a significant increase in disorders in the past few years. The particularly underage users have been enticed since marijuana has been packed in enticing forms of candy, cookies, and sodas. The use of marijuana is more intense to users since the legal marijuana producers have embraced new trends of packing their products. There is stiff competition on the legal and illegal sale of marijuana in the market. The illegal marijuana market has thrived since its products are low in prices and do not comply with regulations nor pay taxes on the sales of the profits.

Legalization and regulating marijuana have led to a boost in the economy. Industries such as tourism, transportation, construction, banking, food, and real estate have benefited from legal marijuana. Research done between the years 2015 and 2016 indicates the reduction of the use of marijuana among teens. Legal marijuana has been regulated for consumer consumption. Legalizing marijuana has led to a decrease in criminal cases. Marijuana is less harmful compared to alcohol and tobacco. Public programs have been supported by taxes collected from the legal sale of marijuana. Legalizing marijuana has led to the creation of a thousand job opportunities.

Starbuck’s Audit Plan  

The first step to the plan is the statement of principles. The auditor’s services are considered independent and nothing to cause interference and hence the audit and the compliance committee is required to pre-approve all the services audited and non-audited performed by the independent auditor. The application of policies and procedures are put in place during the pre-approval of proposed services. Services that exceed pre-approval level cost, the final approval is done by the committee. The general pre-approval of Audit, Audit-related, tax, and all other services is done by the committee after every twelve months unless stated otherwise. At no time should the committee delegate its mandate of pre-approval services done by the independent auditor to the management.

The next step is delegation; the committee gives the chairman power or authority to pre-approve the entire request done in the committee meetings. It is then required of the chairman to give a report of the pre-approval decisions in the next meeting. Step three is the audit services and this is approved by the committee. The auditor will require annual consolidated financial statements, subsidiary audits, and testing of internal controls to be able to form his opinion on the company’s consolidated financial statement. Audit related services are performed by an independent auditor and the services may include financial reporting, accounting, and regulatory reporting matters, among other issues. The committee believes the auditor can provide tax services such as tax compliance, tax advice, and planning. All other services believed to routine and recurring are pre-approved by the committee and handed over to the independent auditor. The independent auditor provides pre-approval fees levels of all the services and is established annually by the committee. The last step is the procedure. The president and the controller of the budget receive the requests and applications from the auditor general which includes the description of the services to be offered and the estimated cost.

Physicians Assisted Suicide

Physicians Assisted Suicide refers to voluntary self-administering of prescribed lethal medication by the patient. Euthanasia is a medical term that refers to the deliberate or direct cause of death by the physician. There are three types of euthanasia: the first one is voluntary euthanasia, in this case, the patient specifically considers taking up his life and he is consistent about it. Involuntary euthanasia, the patient’s life is cut short against his/her will. Non-voluntary euthanasia, in this scenario the patient is incapacitated and is not in a position to consent or object to the decision of ending his life. Non-voluntary euthanasia (NVE) has equally been proposed and opposed in the intensive care unit (ICU). Euthanasia is always considered at the intensive care unit basically to enhance numbers and the quality of organs for donations.

All suffering patients who are close to the end of their life are prioritized for quality palliative care. To minimize the request for physicians assisted suicide (PAS), patients are always assured of excellent palliative care and that they will not be abandoned during suffering. The requests for (PAS) are still increasing despite the assurance of excellent symptom control.

Some patients will benefit from an intervention to cause death. There is no need to prolong life if the patient suffers from intolerable pain. Many dying patients will request for physicians assisted suicide, not because of the physical pain but the feeling of lack of control, deterioration, loss of dignity, weakness, tiredness, or pointless suffering. Death is not a pleasant experience although sometimes it is justifiable to end a patient’s life deliberately so as to end any form of suffering. It is sometimes right to accept the positive aspect of being alive might outweigh the burden of being alive and suffering.