Response to war and revolution

You will choose one of the following essay questions, and will write a formal essay with an introduction and conclusion. In your introduction, you should have a clearly stated thesis (please underline) that addresses the “how?” or the “why?”. When you first introduce each artwork, you should state the entire identification (i.e. name of the artist, title of the piece, and date). We have been discussing an era that was dominated by major changes in society. Discuss how the following works function as a response to war and revolution. Discuss specifically which war or revolution these artists are responding to. What message were they trying to convey? Why did the artist choose to work in this particular style? In each case, consider the historical context, artistic movement, and artist’s background. Discuss relevant assigned readings from Art in Theory and Canvas. Umberto Boccioni, States of Mind, series, 1911, Italian FuturismErnst Ludwig Kirchner, Self Portrait as Soldier, 1915, Brucke (Bridge)Hugo Ball, Karawane, abstract phonetic poetry performance at Cabaret Voltaire, 1916, Zurich DadaOtto Dix, War Cripples (45% Fit for Service), 1920, (destroyed), Berlin DadaDiego Rivera, Man at the Crossroads (Man, Controller of the Universe), Rockefeller Center, NY, 1933 (destroyed), Mexican ModernismPablo Picasso, Guernica, 1937Lee Miller, Women with Fire Masks, London, 1941, Surrealism2. In their rejection of Academic standards, the avant-garde began experimenting with new media and pushing the boundaries of what could be considered “art.” Often, they imbued “high art” with “low” popular culture or materials. Discuss how these works propose a new concept of “art.” How did these artists attempt to combat the reigning visual paradigm of the Academy? In each case, consider the invention of the medium or how each work was realized, and the ways in which each work engages with the traditional signifiers of “art.” Also consider how the introduction of this new concept of art relates to the historical context, artistic movement, and artist’s background. Begin by summarizing Peter Burger’s argument in the excerpt from “Theory of the Avant-Garde.” Also discuss relevant assigned readings from Art in Theory and Canvas.Pablo Picasso, Still Life with Chair Caning, 1912, collage, CubismLuigi Russolo, Intonarumori, 1913, musical instruments/performance, Italian FuturismKazimir Malevich, Black Square, 1915, monochromatic painting, SuprematismJean Arp, Arrangement According to the Laws of Chance, 1916-17, collage, Zurich DadaMarcel Duchamp, Fountain, 1917, readymade, New York DadaThe Baroness Elsa von Freytag-Loringhoven (as herself), 1915, performance, New York DadaRaoul Hausmann, A Bourgeois Precision Brain Incites a World Movement (Dada Triumphs), 1920, photomontage, Berlin Dada

Type of assignment: Essay

Subject: Art

Pages: 4/1100

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